Donyale Luna

  Donyale Luna  (August 31, 1945 – May 17, 1979) was an American  model  and  actress . Generally cited as “the first  black  supermodel”, Luna was the first  African American  model to appear on the cover of the British edition of   Vogue  , in May 1966.  She also appeared in several  underground films  by  Andy Warhol , and had roles in   Qui êtes-vous, Polly Maggoo?   (1966), and most notably as Enotea in the 1969  Federico Fellini  film   Fellini Satyricon   as well as Otto Preminger's   Skidoo  , alongside  Groucho Marx .

Donyale Luna (August 31, 1945 – May 17, 1979) was an American model and actress. Generally cited as “the first black supermodel”, Luna was the first African American model to appear on the cover of the British edition of Vogue, in May 1966.

She also appeared in several underground films by Andy Warhol, and had roles in Qui êtes-vous, Polly Maggoo? (1966), and most notably as Enotea in the 1969 Federico Fellini film Fellini Satyricon as well as Otto Preminger's Skidoo, alongside Groucho Marx.

Melissa "Missy" Arnette Elliott

  Melissa Arnette Elliott  (born July 1, 1971), better known as  Missy  " Misdemeanor "  Elliott , is an American rapper, singer, dancer and record producer. Elliott embarked on her music career with all-female  R&B  group  Sista  in the early-mid 1990s and later became a member of the  Swing Mob  collective along with childhood friend and longtime collaborator  Timbaland , with whom she worked on projects for  Aaliyah ,  702 ,  Total , and  SWV . Following several collaborations and guest appearances, she launched her solo career in 1997 with her debut album   Supa Dupa Fly  , which spawned the top 20 single " Sock It 2 Me ". The album debuted at number three on the   Billboard  200 , the highest-charting debut for a female rapper at the time.  Elliott's following album   Da Real World   (1999), produced the singles " She's a Bitch ", " All n My Grill ", and top five hit " Hot Boyz ". The remix broke the record for most weeks at number-one on the US R&B chart on the issue dated January 15, 2000; as well as spending 18 weeks at number one on the Hot Rap Singles from December 4, 1999 to March 25, 2000, which is still the longest reign at number one to date on that chart. With the release of   Miss E... So Addictive   (2001),   Under Construction   (2002), and   This Is Not a Test!   (2003). Elliott established an international career that yielded hits including " Get Ur Freak On ", " One Minute Man ", " 4 My People ", " Gossip Folks ", and " Work It ". The latter won her a  Grammy Award for Best Female Rap Solo Performance ; Elliott went on to win four  Grammy Awards  and sell over 30 million records in the United States. She is the best-selling female rapper in  Nielsen Music  history according to   Billboard   in 2017.

Melissa Arnette Elliott (born July 1, 1971), better known as Missy "Misdemeanor" Elliott, is an American rapper, singer, dancer and record producer. Elliott embarked on her music career with all-female R&B group Sista in the early-mid 1990s and later became a member of the Swing Mob collective along with childhood friend and longtime collaborator Timbaland, with whom she worked on projects for Aaliyah, 702, Total, and SWV. Following several collaborations and guest appearances, she launched her solo career in 1997 with her debut album Supa Dupa Fly, which spawned the top 20 single "Sock It 2 Me". The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, the highest-charting debut for a female rapper at the time.

Elliott's following album Da Real World (1999), produced the singles "She's a Bitch", "All n My Grill", and top five hit "Hot Boyz". The remix broke the record for most weeks at number-one on the US R&B chart on the issue dated January 15, 2000; as well as spending 18 weeks at number one on the Hot Rap Singles from December 4, 1999 to March 25, 2000, which is still the longest reign at number one to date on that chart. With the release of Miss E... So Addictive (2001), Under Construction (2002), and This Is Not a Test! (2003). Elliott established an international career that yielded hits including "Get Ur Freak On", "One Minute Man", "4 My People", "Gossip Folks", and "Work It". The latter won her a Grammy Award for Best Female Rap Solo Performance; Elliott went on to win four Grammy Awards and sell over 30 million records in the United States. She is the best-selling female rapper in Nielsen Music history according to Billboard in 2017.

Aaliyah Dana Haughton

  Aaliyah Dana Haughton  (January 16, 1979 – August 25, 2001) was an American singer, actress, and model.  Born in  Brooklyn ,  New York , and raised in  Detroit , Michigan, Aaliyah first gained recognition at the age of 10, when she appeared on the television show   Star Search   and performed in concert alongside  Gladys Knight . At age 12, Aaliyah signed with  Jive Records  and her uncle  Barry Hankerson 's  Blackground Records . Hankerson introduced her to  R. Kelly , who became her mentor, as well as lead songwriter and producer of her debut album,   Age Ain't Nothing but a Number  . The album sold three million copies in the United States and was certified double platinum by the  Recording Industry Association of America  (RIAA). After facing  allegations of an illegal marriage with Kelly , Aaliyah ended her contract with Jive and signed with  Atlantic Records .  Aaliyah worked with record producers  Timbaland  and  Missy Elliott  for her second album,   One in a Million  , which sold 3 million copies in the United States and over eight million copies worldwide. In 2000, Aaliyah appeared in her first film,   Romeo Must Die  . She contributed to the film's soundtrack, which spawned the single " Try Again ". The song topped the   Billboard  Hot 100  solely on  airplay , making Aaliyah the first artist in   Billboard   history to achieve this goal. "Try Again" also earned Aaliyah a  Grammy Award  nomination for Best Female R&B Vocalist. After completing  Romeo Must Die , Aaliyah filmed her role in   Queen of the Damned  , and released her third and final studio album,   Aaliyah  , in 2001.  On August 25, 2001, Aaliyah and eight others were killed in a plane crash in  the Bahamas  after filming the music video for the single " Rock the Boat ". Aaliyah's music has continued to achieve commercial success with several posthumous releases, and has sold an estimated 24 to 32 million albums worldwide. She has been credited for helping redefine  contemporary R&B ,  pop  and  hip hop , [1]  earning her the  nicknames  "Princess of R&B" and "Queen of Urban Pop". She is listed by  Billboard  as the tenth most successful female R&B artist of the past 25 years, and the 27th most successful R&B artist in history.

Aaliyah Dana Haughton (January 16, 1979 – August 25, 2001) was an American singer, actress, and model.

Born in Brooklyn, New York, and raised in Detroit, Michigan, Aaliyah first gained recognition at the age of 10, when she appeared on the television show Star Search and performed in concert alongside Gladys Knight. At age 12, Aaliyah signed with Jive Records and her uncle Barry Hankerson's Blackground Records. Hankerson introduced her to R. Kelly, who became her mentor, as well as lead songwriter and producer of her debut album, Age Ain't Nothing but a Number. The album sold three million copies in the United States and was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). After facing allegations of an illegal marriage with Kelly, Aaliyah ended her contract with Jive and signed with Atlantic Records.

Aaliyah worked with record producers Timbaland and Missy Elliott for her second album, One in a Million, which sold 3 million copies in the United States and over eight million copies worldwide. In 2000, Aaliyah appeared in her first film, Romeo Must Die. She contributed to the film's soundtrack, which spawned the single "Try Again". The song topped the Billboard Hot 100 solely on airplay, making Aaliyah the first artist in Billboard history to achieve this goal. "Try Again" also earned Aaliyah a Grammy Award nomination for Best Female R&B Vocalist. After completing Romeo Must Die, Aaliyah filmed her role in Queen of the Damned, and released her third and final studio album, Aaliyah, in 2001.

On August 25, 2001, Aaliyah and eight others were killed in a plane crash in the Bahamas after filming the music video for the single "Rock the Boat". Aaliyah's music has continued to achieve commercial success with several posthumous releases, and has sold an estimated 24 to 32 million albums worldwide. She has been credited for helping redefine contemporary R&B, pop and hip hop,[1] earning her the nicknames "Princess of R&B" and "Queen of Urban Pop". She is listed by Billboard as the tenth most successful female R&B artist of the past 25 years, and the 27th most successful R&B artist in history.

Chicago 35 - Year 2018

Ray Croc
Steve Carell
Tina Fey
Marva Collins
Frank Lloyd Wright
Gwendolyn Brooks
Roger Ebert
Lorraine Hansberry
Don Cornelius
Walt Disney
Redd Foxx
Bernie Mac
Bill Murray
Robin Williams
Stephen Colbert
Barack Obama
Harold Washington
Chance The Rapper
Sam Cooke
Kanye West
Common
Lena Waithe
Virgil Abloh
Don C
Chief Keef
Cindy Crawford
Harrison Ford
Karlie Kloss
Shonda Rhimes
Jesse Williams

#MentorMonday 01.15.18 - Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

  Martin Luther King Jr.  (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American  Baptist  minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the  civil rights movement . He is best known for his role in the advancement of  civil rights  using the tactics of  nonviolence  and  civil disobedience  based on his  Christian  beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of  Mahatma Gandhi .  King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955  Montgomery bus boycott  and helped found the  Southern Christian Leadership Conference  (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful  1962 struggle against segregation  in  Albany, Georgia , and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in  Birmingham, Alabama . He also helped to organize the 1963  March on Washington , where he delivered his famous " I Have a Dream " speech.  On October 14, 1964, King received the  Nobel Peace Prize  for combating  racial inequality  through  nonviolent resistance . In 1965, he helped to organize the  Selma to Montgomery marches , and the following year he and the SCLC took the movement north to  Chicago  to work on segregated housing. In the final years of his life, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards  poverty  and the  Vietnam War , alienating many of his  liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled " Beyond Vietnam ".  In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., to be called the  Poor People's Campaign , when he was  assassinated  by  James Earl Ray  on April 4 in  Memphis, Tennessee . King's death was followed by  riots in many U.S. cities . Ray, who fled the country, was arrested two months later at  London Heathrow Airport . Ray was sentenced to 99 years in prison for King's murder, and died in 1998 from  hepatitis  while serving his sentence.  King was posthumously awarded the  Presidential Medal of Freedom  and the  Congressional Gold Medal .  Martin Luther King Jr. Day  was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a  U.S. federal holiday  in 1986.  Hundreds of streets  in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor, and a  county  in Washington State was also rededicated for him. The  Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial  on the  National Mall  in Washington, D.C., was dedicated in 2011.

Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using the tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.

King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.

On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches, and the following year he and the SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing. In the final years of his life, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards poverty and the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberalallies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam".

In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., to be called the Poor People's Campaign, when he was assassinated by James Earl Ray on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. King's death was followed by riots in many U.S. cities. Ray, who fled the country, was arrested two months later at London Heathrow Airport. Ray was sentenced to 99 years in prison for King's murder, and died in 1998 from hepatitis while serving his sentence.

King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold MedalMartin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor, and a county in Washington State was also rededicated for him. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was dedicated in 2011.

#WCW 01.10.18 - Lorraine Hansberry

  Lorraine Vivian Hansberry  (May 19, 1930 – January 12, 1965) was an African American playwright and writer.  She was the first black woman to write a play performed on Broadway. Her best known work, the play A Raisin In The Sun, highlights the lives of black americans living under racial segregation in Chicago. Hansberry's family had struggled against segregation, challenging a  restrictive covenant  and eventually provoking the Supreme Court case  Hansberry v. Lee . The title of the play was taken from the poem " Harlem " by  Langston Hughes : "What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?"  At the young age of 29, she won the New York's Drama Critic's Circle Award — making her the first black dramatist, the fifth woman, and the youngest playwright to do so.  After she moved to New York City, Hansberry worked at the Pan-Africanist newspaper Freedom, where she dealt with intellectuals such as  Paul Robeson  and  W. E. B. Du Bois . Much of her work during this time concerned the African struggle for liberation and their impact on the world. Hansberry has been identified as a lesbian, and sexual freedom is an important topic in several of her works. She died of cancer at the age of 34. Hansberry inspired Nina Simone's song " To Be Young, Gifted and Black ".

Lorraine Vivian Hansberry (May 19, 1930 – January 12, 1965) was an African American playwright and writer.

She was the first black woman to write a play performed on Broadway. Her best known work, the play A Raisin In The Sun, highlights the lives of black americans living under racial segregation in Chicago. Hansberry's family had struggled against segregation, challenging a restrictive covenant and eventually provoking the Supreme Court case Hansberry v. Lee. The title of the play was taken from the poem "Harlem" by Langston Hughes: "What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?"

At the young age of 29, she won the New York's Drama Critic's Circle Award — making her the first black dramatist, the fifth woman, and the youngest playwright to do so.

After she moved to New York City, Hansberry worked at the Pan-Africanist newspaper Freedom, where she dealt with intellectuals such as Paul Robeson and W. E. B. Du Bois. Much of her work during this time concerned the African struggle for liberation and their impact on the world. Hansberry has been identified as a lesbian, and sexual freedom is an important topic in several of her works. She died of cancer at the age of 34. Hansberry inspired Nina Simone's song "To Be Young, Gifted and Black".