#MentorMonday 01.15.18 - Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

  Martin Luther King Jr.  (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American  Baptist  minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the  civil rights movement . He is best known for his role in the advancement of  civil rights  using the tactics of  nonviolence  and  civil disobedience  based on his  Christian  beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of  Mahatma Gandhi .  King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955  Montgomery bus boycott  and helped found the  Southern Christian Leadership Conference  (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful  1962 struggle against segregation  in  Albany, Georgia , and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in  Birmingham, Alabama . He also helped to organize the 1963  March on Washington , where he delivered his famous " I Have a Dream " speech.  On October 14, 1964, King received the  Nobel Peace Prize  for combating  racial inequality  through  nonviolent resistance . In 1965, he helped to organize the  Selma to Montgomery marches , and the following year he and the SCLC took the movement north to  Chicago  to work on segregated housing. In the final years of his life, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards  poverty  and the  Vietnam War , alienating many of his  liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled " Beyond Vietnam ".  In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., to be called the  Poor People's Campaign , when he was  assassinated  by  James Earl Ray  on April 4 in  Memphis, Tennessee . King's death was followed by  riots in many U.S. cities . Ray, who fled the country, was arrested two months later at  London Heathrow Airport . Ray was sentenced to 99 years in prison for King's murder, and died in 1998 from  hepatitis  while serving his sentence.  King was posthumously awarded the  Presidential Medal of Freedom  and the  Congressional Gold Medal .  Martin Luther King Jr. Day  was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a  U.S. federal holiday  in 1986.  Hundreds of streets  in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor, and a  county  in Washington State was also rededicated for him. The  Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial  on the  National Mall  in Washington, D.C., was dedicated in 2011.

Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using the tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.

King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.

On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches, and the following year he and the SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing. In the final years of his life, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards poverty and the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberalallies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam".

In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., to be called the Poor People's Campaign, when he was assassinated by James Earl Ray on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. King's death was followed by riots in many U.S. cities. Ray, who fled the country, was arrested two months later at London Heathrow Airport. Ray was sentenced to 99 years in prison for King's murder, and died in 1998 from hepatitis while serving his sentence.

King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold MedalMartin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor, and a county in Washington State was also rededicated for him. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was dedicated in 2011.